district lies in the South-Western part of the Wardha
Penganga-Wainganga plain. The district lies between 19.26’ and
20.42’ north latitudes and 77.18’ and 79.9’ east longitudes.
It is surrounded by Amravati and Wardha district to the north.
Chandrapur district to the east. Andhra Pradesh State and Nanded
district to the south and Parbhani and Akola district.
district has an area of 13582 sq. km (4.41 percent of the state) and
a population of 2077144 (2.63 percent of the State). The density of
population is 153 persons per km2 with is less than 257 persons per
km2 for the state as whole. Amongst the 30 district in the state,
Yavatmal ranks 6th in terms of area and 19th
in terms of population.
district headquarters are located at Yavatmal a town with a
population of 108578 as per the 1991 census. It is well connected by
roads to the different tahsil headquarters and is also connected to
Achalpur by a narrow gauge railway line
district consists of masses of hilly country broken by broad valley
and partially surrounded by plains. The whole district is occupied
by a number of east west ranges. The central portion is a plateau
with very steep sides and attains an elevation of between 300 and
600 meters above the mean sea level. Here and there it rises into
ridges or into flat-topped or pointed hills. All this country
belongs to the Balaghat, the southern hills of Berar. In the north
the district extends into the Payanghat, the valley of Berar. This
valley varies between 65 and 80 kilometers in width. The small part
of it that belongs to Yavatmal districts forms a belt of plain from
8 to 22 km in width along the northern district boundary. The
district may be broadly divided into the following six geographical
Bembla basin in the northern parts of New and Babulgaon tahsils
Wardha plain which spreads along the Wardha river in Kalamb,
Ralegaon, Maregaon and Wani tahasil
plateau which covers major part of Yavatmal, Kalamb, Kelapur and
Ghatanji tahsils and small part of Babhulgaon
Ralegaon and Maregaon tahsils
plateau which covers the entire tahsil of Darwha, major part of
Digras Tahsil, and parts
Ner, Yavatmal and Ghatanji tahsils.
Pusad hills in Pusad, Mahagaon and Umarkhed tahsils
Penganga valley along the southern district boundary and
consisting of small part of Pusad,Umarkhed, Mahagaon Darwha,
Ghatanji, Kelapur, Maregaon and Wani tahsils
chief rivers of the district are the Wardha and Penganga both of
which flow along the north
eastern and southern district boundaries respectively. The
Wardha River rises to the east of Multai in Madhya Pradesh. It flows
in general south-easterly direction along the north-eastern boundary
of the district. The Wardha is the only river of the district, which
is partly navigable. The bed of the river is broad and deep, but the
banks are sometimes overflowed in times of exceptional floods.
During the monsoons the river flows with a strong current but is
summer the river is fordable at a number of places. The Bembla and
the Nirguda are the main tributaries of the Wardha within the
district and both are perennial. The Bembla rises in Amravati
district and only the last 30 km or so of drain Yavatmal district.
The Nirguda River rises with in the district itself and has a length
of about 165 km.
Penganga River rises in the Ajantha range a little to the South west
of Buldhana town. It is a major tributary of the
Wardha River. The river is deeply entrenched and has a meandering
course. The Penganga forms
the southern district boundary throughout its long sinuous course.
The river changes twice from one longitudinal valley to a parallel
longitudinal valley northwards by marking big ‘S’ shaped curves.
The Pus, Arha, Aran, Waghavi and Kunj are the major tributaries of
the Penganga River within the district.
greatest length, from east to west, is about 120 miles, and its
greatest breadth, from north to south, nearly 100 miles. It occupies
the south eastern quarter of berar on the west are Washim and Akola
District. On the north is the Amravati to the east where the Wardha
river forms the boundary, lie two Districts of the Central Provinces
Wardha and Chandrapur . along the south lie the Nanded District and
Andhra pradesh. The Penganga River, which flows in great curves and
loop, marks the whole of the southern boundary and unites at the
southeastern extremity with the Wardha River. The District is
divided in old five talks and now sixteen talk.